Melasma is a skin condition presenting as brown patches on the face of adults. Both sides of the face are usually affected. The most common sites of involvement are the cheeks, bridge of nose, forehead, and upper lip. Melasma mostly occurs in women. Dark-skinned people, particularly Hispanics, Asians, Indians, people from the Middle East, and African Americans, tend to have melasma more than others.
What causes melasma?
The precise cause of melasma is unknown. People with a family history of melasma are more likely to develop it themselves. Changes in hormonal status may trigger melasma. It is commonly associated with pregnancy and sometimes called the “mask of pregnancy.” Birth control pills may also cause melasma, however, hormone replacement therapy used after menopause has not been shown to cause the condition. Sun exposure and very strong light from light bulbs contributes to melasma. Any irritation of the skin may cause an increase in melasma in dark-skinned. Because melasma is common, most clients can be diagnosed simply by a skin examination.
How is it treated?
While there is no cure for melasma, many treatments have been developed. Melasma may disappear after pregnancy, it may remain for many years, or a lifetime. Sunscreens are essential in the treatment of melasma. They should be broad spectrum, protecting against both UVA and UVB rays from the sun. A SPF 50 or higher should be selected. Sunscreens should be worn daily, whether or not it is sunny outside, or if you are outdoors or indoors. A significant amount of sun exposure is received while walking down the street, driving in cars, and sitting next to windows.
A variety of bleaching creams are available for the treatment of melasma. These creams do not “bleach” the skin, but rather, decrease the activity of these pigment-producing cells. Over-the-counter creams contain low concentrations of bleach.
Microdermabrasion: Is a skin revitalizing procedure that uses powerful exfoliation to smooth out our skin providing a clear, glowing complexion. This treatment can be combine with a chemical peel.
Chemical Peels: Relaxing and quick procedure that use professional-grade exfoliation to produce smoother, more evenly toned skin. Chemical peels work especially well to reduce melasma because they address the layer of skin directly impacted by sun-damage. If you would like to target wrinkles, improve skin laxity and remove liver spots all at once, a chemical peel is just what you are looking for.
Derma-peel Therapy: Is an advanced procedure that combines Micro needling and Chemical peels this treatment improves sun-damaged skin, pitted acne scars and skin tone changes after just 4 treatments.