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SCARS OVERVIEW

Scars  are some of the most difficult cosmetic conditions to treat, but can be the source of frustration for many people. We offer a variety of options to help treat the most stubborn stretch marks and scars that may be bothering you.

What causes Scars?

The formation of scars is a natural component of the body’s healing process after an injury. Scarring develops as the body proceeds to rapidly close an opening in the skin. Damage to the top layer of skin often only requires the production of new skin in its place; however, for damage deeper than the first layer, new scar tissue develops since the body must form new collagen fibers to mend the damage and bring the skin back together.

Because the body is rushing to heal the wound, this collagen that forms scar tissue is thicker and less flexible than the rest of the skin. Initial scarring may be minimal, but scars can become enlarged and discolored over the next 4-6 weeks. Some scars can fade over time, and the narrow bands that appear may eventually sink beneath the skin. Scars are reddish in color when they first appear but may become lighter and looser as time goes on. The development of a scar can take up to one year to fully mature. The healing process is complete when a scar is light in color, smooth, and is no longer sensitive to the touch. The outermost layer often loosens a bit while the deeper layers remain intact. The appearance of the scars depends on a myriad of factors:

  • Depth & size of the wound

  • Location

  • Age

  • Genetics

  • Gender

  • Ethnicity

  • Aftercare

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 Hypertrophic scar: Raised scars that are often red. The body produces high amounts of collagen, which in turn causes the scar to be a bit raised. The amount of scar tissue that forms does not extend beyond the initial wound site or injury. These types of scars tend to flatten a bit over time, but this can take several months or years.

Types of

Scars

Keloid: An overly aggressive healing process that causes the scar to be much greater in length and scope than the initial injury. Keloids will never go away without treatment. These scars extend beyond the initial wound site or injury.

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Atrophic scar: These scars are sunken or pitted in appearance. They occur when underlying structures, such as fat or muscle, diminish over time, or when inflammation causes damage to the skin’s collagen. These kinds of scars are prevalent with surgical scars and acne scars. These scars are also common with chicken pox as well. Acne scars in particular can be divided into separate subcategories of their own, and can get more pronounced with age as the skin loses even more collagen and elastin.

 PRP: PRP: This treatment involves the collection of your blood (approximately 8 –16ml), then your blood is spun down using a centrifuge to separate out the plasma and platelet portion using the separator gel’ as a special filter. The PRP portion of your blood is then injected back into your skin to stimulate new collagen production, and to re-energise your cells into rejuvenating themselves. The product injected is 100% your own blood by-product (autologous).

Scars Treatments

Carboxy-Therapy: Involves intradermal or subcutaneous injection of small, controlled amounts of carbon dioxide. The practitioner precisely injects safe and controlled doses of gas depending on the indication and area of to be treated. Carbon dioxide injected into the tissues is interpreted by the body as hypoxia (low oxygen levels), which causes a specific, positive immune response by the body. The inflammation intentionally induced stimulates the release of growth factors (VEGF) in the skin and stimulates fibroblast activity to produce elastin and collagen. The reconstruction of the skin starts from the first treatment, the newly formed collagen fibers are parallel and tightly weaved, and as a result, the skin becomes smoothed and rejuvenated. 

Fibroblast: This process uses an electrical arch which touches the skin surface. The heat widens the pores and is transferred into the epidermis all the way to the papillary layer which contains fibroblast cells. From this, excess skin is reduced and the results are comparable to lift procedures or wrinkle reduction. Most, if not all, methods of skin resurfacing are based on creating a controlled skin damage, which activates its healing. This leads to the skin remodelling and improvement in various signs of aging.

Mesotherapy: The technique uses very fine needles to deliver a series of injections into the middle layer (mesoderm) of skin. The idea behind mesotherapy is that it corrects underlying issues like poor circulation and inflammation that cause skin damage.

Bio- Fillers: Plasma gel filling is a form of an autologous (made from patients own blood) It is easy to obtain. It replaces Hyaluronic acid fillers and is far more beneficial than treatments such as Botulinum toxin. Plasma gel is a natural product that the body accepts and absorbs easily.

Microneedling: (Collagen induction therapy) – Microneedling can be an effective treatment for scars that are lower in the skin, such as acne scars and stretch marks. Microneedling breaks up the collagen on the existing scar, and stimulates new collagen growth in the affected areas in order to add more volume and a smoother consistency in the skin. This treatment is widely used for patients who are prone to hyperpigmentation. In addition, microneedling also has the benefit of being able to treat fine lines and provide overall rejuvenation of the skin on the face.

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